Drawing on his knowledge of English political and constitutional practice, as well as the theoretical resources he had developed in his own work, he suggested imaginative and innovative measures onesto achieve the peaceful and constitutional reform in France
The essays which Bentham collected together for publication durante 1830 under the title of Official Aptitude Maximized; Expense Minimized, written at various times between 1810 and 1830, deal with the means of achieving efficient and economical government. Per considering a wide range of themes mediante the fields of constitutional law, public finance, and legal reform, Bentham places the problem of official corruption at the centre of his analysis. He contrasts his own recommendations for good administration, which he had fully developed mediante his magisterial Constitutional Code, with the severe deficiencies he saw con English practice. Of particular concern puro Bentham were the abuses sanctioned by the judges and their officials in the Westminster Atrio courts, which, he argues, resulted per the denial of justice preciso the majority of the population. Con this tomo, Bentham not only displays the precise logical reasoning for which he is well known, but also his considerable skills as verso rhetorician of reform.
The essays contained sopra On the Liberty of the Press and Public Colloque represent Bentham’s attempt preciso influence the direction of political and constitutional change taking place per Spain and Portugal in the early 1820s. At the same time as commenting on Spanish and Portuguese questions, Bentham outlined important aspects of his own legal and constitutional theories, defended measures of democratic reform, and offered a vigorous defence of free speech and communication. The testo complements Colonies, Commerce, and Constitutional Law, durante which Bentham commented on the disastrous effects https://datingranking.net/it/loveagain-review/ on Spain of her attempts preciso retain her overseas possessions.
Political Tactics, composed for the Estates General in the months just prior onesto the outbreak of the French Revolution, is one of Bentham’s most original works. It was subsequently translated into many languages and has had verso far-reaching influence-for instance, it provided the basis for the regulations adopted mediante the 1820s governing the procedures of the Buenos Aires assembly, and as recently as the early 1990s it was reprinted by the Spanish Cortes.
The core of the libro consists of four major essays directed against the principles and policies of four leading statesmen: Edmund Burke, George Rose, Robert Peel, and Raffinato Chancellor Eldon
Preparatory Principles is not per linear text con the conventional sense, but consists of per series of short passages on per variety of topics, whose themes are summarised sopra marginal headings. The material constitutes per philosophical commonplace book, compiled by Bentham durante the mid-1770s, con which he worked out the foundational ideas for his new science of legislation. He then drew on this material when composing such works as A Fragment on Government and An Introduction onesto the Principles of Morals and Legislation.
The French Revolution provided Bentham with what appeared esatto him onesto be an exciting opportunity onesto influence the reconstruction of the French state. Per discussing the nature of representation he produced the earliest utilitarian justification of political equality and representative democracy, even recommending women’s suffrage. Moreover, he provided per major critique of the dominant constitutional theory of the division of power, including both the doctrine of the balance of powers and that of the separation of powers.
Turning his attention puro Britain, for verso time he advocated measures of parlimentary reform, but becoming disenchanted with the course of the Revolution he produced the celebrated ‚Nonsense upon Stilts‘ (hitherto known as ‚Anarchical Fallacies‘), the most devastating attack on the theory of natural rights ever written, con which he argued that natural rights provided an unsuitable basis for stable legal and political arrangements. All the essays published con this volume, with the exception of Emancipate your Colonies!, an important early critique of colony-holding, are based on the original manuscript sources, many of which have not been previously published con any form.