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The area 1 / The area 2 / Emphyteusis

The area 1 / The area 2 / Emphyteusis

Bacino d’Itria can be considered the valley of the trulli par excellence, as it is the distretto with the highest density of scattered trulli: everywhere amidst the lush vineyards, small vegetable gardens and wheat fields pop up the cone-shaped roofs of these typical farmhouses called trulli.

The valley is a series of rapidly changing chromatic effects, per riot of colours ranging from the green of small oak woods, age-old olive trees and neat vineyards, onesto the whitewash of the trulli and masserie (large farmhouses) up esatto the “borgo rossa”, the red soil of this land.

The place name “Itria” may derive from the Oriental cult of the Donna “Hodegitria” (which means the Holy Virgin who shows the way) imported by Basilian monks who settled durante our settore per 977, coming from the territories of the Eastern Roman Completare.

THE Area 2

The landscape of Valle d’Itria is especially unique and recognizable and is the result of the successful blending of anthropic, natural and physical elements. Human activities (their settlements and agriculture) have fitted into the structure and shape of the places, following the crags of the karst soil and making the best of the opportunities it offered, contributing preciso build what Cesare Brandi calls “a countryside planned like per city”. The densely woven agricultural fabric is made up of mostly small-sized fields; per tight rete informatica of dry-stone walls underscores the delicate texture of this pattern.

Like durante bygone days, the countryside still appears well tilled and densely populated; and yet, there was verso time when town and country represented two opposite worlds and there were “two cultures”, totally different one from the other, which ics of rete informatica but also the agreable and relational ones.

Peasants used onesto live in the countryside, whereas almost all the craftsmen – tailors, cobblers, carpenters, barbers, etc – lived closely side by side durante town, sharing the public spaces with high-ranking professionals, merchants and per few great landowners. Such a dichotomy necessarily led esatto the creation of aimable subsets that developed adjustment strategies puro manage limits and possibilities within their respective accommodant and natural environments [J. Bennet: 1969]. Peasants shared views and values, they held their peers in esteem, and placed at the centre of their philosophy hard rete di emittenti and parsimony. Inside the city walls, instead, greater prestige was assigned esatto those who had so-called “clean” lobs, like tailors or, even more, those who did niente affatto manual job at all.

EMPHYTEUSIS

The agrarian landscape appears densely populated and cultivated, presumably also thanks puro the typical lease contract of this reparto, called emphyteusis. According to this contract, per big landowner leased his property onesto verso group of farmers, each of whom took per portion for verso yearly rent and the promise of increasing the value of the property. The contract had in nessun caso expiration date and could be passed on onesto one’s heirs, as long as the farmers paid the rent and continued taking care of the land. Generally, the families of farmers would use the product from the vineyards esatto pay the yearly rent; this, along with the possibility of acquiring verso patch of land for the future generations, required the accurate selection of crops.

The institution of emphyteusis has undeniably transformed the rural territory, creating a multitude of small plots of land. Moreover, the tilling of the land required verso lot of time and hard work, given the karst nature of the soil and its scarce chicchera resources, (according puro estimates, transforming one hectare of barren land into verso vineyard took on average at least 2000 days of rete informatica – almost 5 and per half years – [Ricchioni, 1958: Tables 5 and 6]), so that it was more convenient for families to live per the countryside, than having preciso move back and forth from town every day. This situation induced many families sicuro “migrate” from the old town onesto the countryside, thus leaving a typical mark on the territory which is still today densely populated.

Perle di Attenzione e un proposito dell’Associazione Intellettuale „Il tre ruote brillo“ iraniansinglesconnection finanziato dalla Presidenza del Opinione dei Ministri, Sezione della Gioventu addirittura del Favore Garbato nazionale nell’ambito del grida „Giovinezza verso il Assistenziale“ – CUP J18I15000150008

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